Rice Hull Earthbag House

I’ve had the pleasure of corresponding with Paul in Chiang Dao, a district north of Chiang Mai, Thailand. We’ve been discussing how to build an earthbag house with bags filled with rice hulls. Rice hulls are super cheap, fire resistant, superinsulating, and super lightweight and easy to work with. Rice hulls are the by-product of processing rice (the protective coating around the grain), so they’re 100% natural and sustainable.

I’m very happy to see others experimenting with alternative building techniques such as rice hulls. I can’t overemphasize enough how just one successful project could lead to many thousands of other structures. This could easily happen due to the extremely low cost and simplicity of construction. In our area, a half semi truckload of rice hulls cost about $25. Recycled bags for half price are widely available from farmers and feed stores.

A few details:
– lower courses of bags are filled with gravel, which sit on a rubble trench
– bags of rice hulls are less stable than tamped earth and so extra reinforcing is required (ex: rebar on each side of the wall tied tightly together). This could be added after every 4-5 courses so walls can’t shift.
– tie courses of bags together with twine for added stability (this also makes it easy to attach fishing net or plaster mesh if needed)
– protecting rice hulls from moisture damage is key, so plan accordingly. The privacy wall would benefit from a protective covering such as a cap of roofing tile.

The house is still a work in progress, but as you can see they’re making good progress. Notice how they’ve improvised here and there to add extra reinforcement. My main concern now is seeing the roof get built before the upcoming rainy season hits. Rice hulls can rot if they get wet, and they probably will get wet if there’s no roof or other protective covering.

Here’s some background information on rice hulls.

Paul’s rice hull wall photos on Flickr. (Hope he adds more in the future.)

5 thoughts on “Rice Hull Earthbag House”

  1. I’m in Ethiopia and wish to build a house or series of small linked buildings on sloping ground, perhaps using rice-hull construction. I’m in the process of making a large round roofed ferret pen, 17m circumference, 2.5m high, inspired by local GoJo bets. The skeleton is eucalyptus poles and the walls are wire mesh. I’m thinking that such a structure might be a good support for rice-hull filled bags. Pix of the in-progress structure are on photobucket, mixed w other photos, including some of the site I plan to build the house on. Look at the pix at the end and start (as of April 18, 2012).


    • Yes, that can work. You could tie your earthbags to the mesh. But you need to create a roof overhang large enough so the walls don’t get wet.

  2. i am living in chiang mai a bit more to the south then chiang dao thou, and i highly interested in this one, are there any updates from Paul and his house atm, or might you can pass me his email adress i am really eager to learn more about it, i also ordered the Earthbag buildings book already you mentioned in another post


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