About two months ago a friend sent me a link to an unusual website by Klaus Dona about ancient stone objects. No one has ever been able to explain how these tools or objects were carved. Basanite stone (lydite) is impossibly hard to carve with the copper or iron tools available at the time, and because the stone is brittle they would have shattered from the pounding chisel blows. Due to the difficulty of carving basanite these objects could not be made today even with modern technology. And how did they carve deep, detailed designs in granite, etc.? The mystery is so perplexing that many people have assumed the objects were made by aliens.
During the Spanish conquest of South America, the king of Spain commanded his soldiers to destroy temples, monuments and other cultural landmarks. But even under direct order of the king (and fear for their lives) the soldiers were unable to destroy some of the incredibly strong stone walls. Some of the stones were so large and locked so tightly together that they could not be levered apart. And if they couldn’t be levered apart, how were they fit together in the first place? Wikipedia says “The lack of strong draft animals, as well as steep terrain and dense vegetation issues, may have rendered the wheel impractical. How they moved and placed the enormous blocks of stones remains a mystery…”
There are large pyramids all around the world, including in Egypt and other countries in Africa, Central and South America, and China. The largest structures, in particular the famous Egyptian pyramids at Giza, have baffled scientists since they were first discovered. Many people agree that ramps to move the stones would have been too large and impractical to build (some estimate the ramps would have taken more time and effort to build than the pyramids). Here are some quick facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza from Wikipedia:
– “building this in 20 years would involve installing approximately 800 tons of stone every day”
– “since it consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks, completing the building in 20 years would involve moving an average of more than 12 of the blocks into place each hour, day and night”
– “The largest granite stones in the pyramid, found in the “King’s” chamber, weigh 25 to 80 tons and were [Ed.: some believe] transported from Aswan, more than 500 miles away.”
– “the mean opening of the joints is only 0.5 millimetres wide (1/50th of an inch)”
(The list goes on and on.)
All these examples have one thing in common: conventional theories about how they were built are difficult to believe, at least for me. Can you imagine maneuvering 25-80 ton stones up a ramp, around corners and into final position… at fairly rapid pace? Where would hundreds of workers stand (per stone) on the pyramid in order to move the stones? How could they carve everything with almost optical precision with primitive copper and iron tools (of which very few have been found)? Why do the granite stones continue to salt up on the surface? No other granite in the world accumulates salt deposits on the surface except the ones in the pyramids. Microscopic analysis of stone samples from the pyramids indicates random orientation, which indicates human construction (tamping in a form) versus orientation in layers as in natural stone.
These things have fascinated me since I was a child. There seemed to be no logical explanation to the mysteries until just recently when I learned about geopolymer. Finally, I found a theory that seems credible. This much appears certain: scientists agree that ancient Egyptians did use polymer to build certain items such as vessels. They agree geopolymer technology was known and understood at that time. If this is true, then it’s reasonable to believe at least some of the stones in the pyramids were made by geopolymer. It’s much easier for me to imagine thousands of laborers carrying or passing along baskets of geopolymer materials than moving and precisely fitting cut stone.